Florence is a city that experienced a huge expansion during the late Middle Ages, and Florence wall was rebuilt several times in history to contain the growing metropolis that, in the late 13th century, became the largest town in Europe. This seemingly unstoppable expansion ended with the black death hitting the city in 1348. Only in the late 19th century the size of the city exceeded the space inside the most recent Medieval Florence wall. What remains today is visible in the Oltrarno area and … [Read more...] about Florence wall – The Medieval defensive barrier
Cosimo I de Medici, Duke of Florence and Grand Duke of Tuscany, is certainly one of the most famous members of the Medici family in history. He consolidated the power of the Medici in Florence, after more than one century of unofficial domination, highlighted by many plots to overcome the House of Medici. Well, if you think it was easy for him, being born in a rich and powerful family, to accomplish all his great achievements, you are deadly wrong. Cosimo was not born to be the ruler of … [Read more...] about How did Cosimo I de Medici become Duke?
Although certainly not as famous as his magnificent grandfather, Lorenzo de Medici Duke of Urbino was a clever and ambitious man. His strong personality fascinated the contemporaries so much that he was compared to Cesare Borgia, who had left a mark in Italy just a few years earlier. … [Read more...] about Lorenzo de Medici Duke of Urbino
Giuliano de Medici Duke of Nemours (1479-1516) was the first titled Medici in history. Receiving the title of Duke from the King of France, he turned his family of merchants and bankers into a noble family, with the same dignity than the other ruling families in Italy. Despite this, Giuliano de Medici Duke of Nemours never ruled his own town, Florence. Overshadowed by his brothers and then by his nephew, he always had a secondary role in the Medici affairs. His sepulcher is the most admired and … [Read more...] about Giuliano de Medici Duke of Nemours
Fra Filippo Lippi (Florence about 1406 - Spoleto 1469) was a Carmelite friar and painter. Restless personality, divided between passions and religious condition, he had an artistic career marked by continuous experimentation. Happy for the great innovations developed at that time in Florence, he followed Masaccio's lesson on perspective and highlighted light and color like Fra Angelico. But he's also famous for his love affairs... … [Read more...] about Filippo Lippi – Life and works
Born in Urbino, one of the most refined courts of Renaissance Italy, and raised between Perugia and Florence, in contact with Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, Raphael Sanzio was one of the greatest interpreters of the Renaissance. Early bloomer, twenty years old he had already performed some masterpieces and when he died at thirty-seven he was considered a genius. The sources recall his great ability to adapt: he was able to work in harmony with everything, to speak with princes and … [Read more...] about Raphael Sanzio – Life and works